By Will Martin; Kym Anderson
Agricultural alternate reform is necessary to a positive improvement final result from the Doha improvement time table. yet agricultural rules and the coverage reforms being meditated are fiendishly advanced, and the satan is within the info. Agricultural alternate Reform and the Doha improvement schedule builds up from the fundamental element of the price lists and different defense measures, and makes use of this knowledge to supply an research of the big-picture implications of proposed reforms. offering the main whole and recent research of the diversity of agricultural concerns below negotiation within the multilateral exchange negotiations underway on this planet exchange association (WTO), this identify is a necessary source to policymakers, agricultural inner most area, and lecturers in constructing and assessing the negotiating innovations.
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Extra resources for Agricultural Trade Reform And the Doha Development Agenda (World Bank Trade and Development Series)
Fortunately, the authors of this paper were able to base their analysis on detailed tariff databases that capture these critical features. Agriculture, Trade Reform, and the Doha Agenda 25 An important feature of the framework is greater flexibility for sensitive products in all countries and for special products in developing countries. Negotiators must choose how many such tariff lines are to be allowed, the extent of flexibility permitted, and the extent of liberalization of these products to be undertaken.
As well, it is potentially a far more efficient way for developed countries to assist people in low-income countries than the current systems of tariff preferences. In conclusion, the July Framework Agreement does not guarantee major gains from the Doha Development Agenda. Even if an agreement is ultimately reached, it may be very modest. How modest depends on, among other things, the nature of the agricultural tariff-cutting formula, the size of the cuts, the extent to which exceptions for sensitive and special products are allowed, whether a tariff cap is introduced, and the extent to which special and differential treatment is invoked by developing countries in terms of their market access commitments.
In practice, however, trade in agricultural products was largely excluded from the GATT rules as a consequence of a number of exceptions. Details are to be found in Josling, Tangermann, and Warley (1996) and in Anderson and Josling (2005). 2. According to the United Nations’ Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), 54 percent of the economically active population in developing countries is engaged in agriculture, which is nearly five times larger than the sector’s measured GDP share (FAO 2004, table A4).
Agricultural Trade Reform And the Doha Development Agenda (World Bank Trade and Development Series) by Will Martin; Kym Anderson