Download PDF by Beth Levin, Malka Rappaport Hovav: Argument Realization

By Beth Levin, Malka Rappaport Hovav

ISBN-10: 0511114796

ISBN-13: 9780511114793

The connection among verbs and their arguments is a extensively debated subject in linguistics. This entire survey offers an updated evaluation of this crucial sector of study, exploring present theories of ways a verb’s semantics can verify the morphosyntactic cognizance of its arguments. Assuming a detailed connection among verb that means and syntactic constitution, it presents a bridge among lexical semantic and syntactic learn, synthesizing the result of paintings from a number linguistic subdisciplines and in a number of theoretical frameworks.

The first 4 chapters survey major theories approximately occasion constitution and con- ceptualization. The 5th and 6th chapters concentrate on the mapping from lexical semantics to morphosyntax, and comprise a close dialogue of the thematic hierarchy. The 7th bankruptcy experiences remedies of a number of argument actual- ization. With helpful bibliographic references and transparent definitions of proper phrases, this publication can be worthwhile to scholars and researchers in syntax and semantics, in addition to these in similar fields.

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1 we present the essential properties of semantic role lists. 2 we discuss their most fundamental limitations. 3 we review some attempts aimed at overcoming these shortcomings, while maintaining many basic assumptions underlying such approaches. 1 The properties common to semantic role list approaches The components of a semantic role list are a predetermined set of labels that identify arguments according to the semantic relation they bear to their verb; each verb is associated with the relevant list of semantic roles.

B. The window opened. (34) a. Mark cracked the plate. b. The plate cracked. (35) a. The lumberjack felled the tree. b. The tree fell. (36) a. Pneumonia killed his uncle. b. His uncle died from pneumonia. Second, languages often have one or more morphosyntactic processes which create subjects from objects, with passive being the most widely cited. (37) a. Mallory opened the window. b. The window was opened by Mallory. The analysis of patient subjects depends on the basic assumptions adopted concerning the nature of the mapping between lexical semantics and syntax.

Again, as in Tibetan, the surface contacted is expressed in an oblique case – a case-marking pattern which according to Nichols (1984: 188) is common across Caucasian languages. The same verb classes whose members tend to show variation in argument realization options within and across languages also may allow individual members to show a range of argument realization options. For example, in English and some other languages, some surfacecontact verbs show a flexibility in argument realization that agent–patient verbs lack (Fillmore 1970, 1977a; Rappaport Hovav and B.

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Argument Realization by Beth Levin, Malka Rappaport Hovav


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