Arguments and Metaphors in Philosophy by Daniel Cohen PDF

By Daniel Cohen

ISBN-10: 0761826777

ISBN-13: 9780761826774

During this ebook, Daniel Cohen explores the connections among arguments and metaphors so much suggested in philosophy, simply because philosophical discourse is either completely metaphorical and replete with argumentation. The metaphors we use for arguments, in addition to the methods we use metaphors as arguments and in arguments, offers the root for a tripartite theoretical framework for realizing and comparing arguments. There are logical, rhetorical, and dialectical dimensions to arguments, every one supplying norms for behavior, vocabulary for evaluate, and standards for fulfillment. In flip, the pointed out roles for arguments regularly discourse should be utilized to metaphors, assisting to provide an explanation for what they suggest and the way they paintings. Cohen covers the character of arguments, their modes and constructions, and the foundations in their review. He additionally addresses the character of metaphors, their position in language and inspiration, and their connections to arguments, selecting and reconciling arguments' and metaphors' respective roles in philosophy.

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For example, one obvious way of presenting an argument well is to do so with wit. , a good strategy to use in arguments-as-war, has been recognized by writers on rhetoric from Aristotle to the present day. Of course, the wittier arguer need not be the one who wins the argument, so the categories do diverge. In a similar vein, an argument can be "unconvincing" in two ways. It can fail to convince the listener to accept its conclusion, which is an argumentative failure, but it can also fail to convince the listener that the arguer himself sincerely accepts the conclusion, which is a performative failure on par with an "unconvincing" dramatic performance.

Boring, offensive, unimaginative, inelegant, and inappropriate arguments may yet be persuasive. Presenting a good argument can, of course, be a factor in presenting an argument well, so the performative paradigm for arguments is not independent of the logical one. And since many of the things that make the presentation of an argun1ent a good presentation also serve to make it an effective one, the adversarial and performance paradigms are also intimately connected. For example, one obvious way of presenting an argument well is to do so with wit.

Stalnaker is, of course, patently wrong about one thing: at least with respect to philosophical inquiry, his thesis is tremendously controversial. , wisdom rather than knowledge, enlightenment rather than confusion, or something to be found in the process itself rather than in its results. Ludwig Wittgenstein, in both his earlier and later philosophies, falls into this category. Other philosophers are skeptical about the concept To Philosophize is to Argue 31 of truth itself. 11 The latter position dovetails well with emerging alternative conceptions of argument.

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Arguments and Metaphors in Philosophy by Daniel Cohen

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