By C. W. A. Whitaker
De Interpretatione is between Aristotle's so much influential and commonly learn writings; C. W. A. Whitaker provides the 1st systematic learn of this paintings, and gives a thorough new view of its goals, its constitution, and its position in Arisotle's approach. He indicates that De Interpretatione isn't really a disjointed essay on ailing- attached matters, as normally proposal, yet a hugely prepared and systematic treatise on common sense, argument, and dialectic.
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Extra resources for Aristotle's De Interpretatione: Contradiction and Dialectic
L, Ackrili, Aristotle's Categories and De Interpretalione (Oxford, 1963). 116. 4O Aristotle's De Interpretatione that 'pirate-', unlike 'pirate', is not a real word. Aekril! also offers another criterion. If one element of the compound cannot stand as an independent word, then neither can the other; 'pirate' ia 'pirateer' is not an independent word because 'er' is not. Both of these explanations depend on there being parts of compounds which are not independent words when written by themselves.
The term 'token* is used to point to the fact that a word is adopted by convention to stand for a thought of a thing, and so for the thing itself. The term, 'sign', on the other hand, does not convey anything about whether words are conventional or not, To say that a word is a sign of a thought and a sign of a thing simply means that there is some thought and some thing corresponding to the word. The statement in chapter i that utterances are signs of thoughts and of things is fundamental to the work.
A shadow-picture or a dream is false, but this does not mean that the dream 'is not*, just that it appears to he other than it is (Mete. loz^zi-^). *7 Furthermore, simple things are actually, and never potentially (io5ib28): for a simple to come to be, it would have to come from nothing. We see that passing from potentiality to actuality involves passing from dividedness to combination, or from not-being to being. Cf. Ph. i88"i«. Chapter i: Significant Utterances 29 truth and falsehood, or combination and separation, of the things in the world, A sentence is true because things are as it represents them to be: 'it is not that you are pale because I truly think that you are pale' (iO5ib6ft).
Aristotle's De Interpretatione: Contradiction and Dialectic by C. W. A. Whitaker