Cliff Goddard, Anna Wierzbicka's Semantic and Lexical Universals: Theory and Empirical PDF

By Cliff Goddard, Anna Wierzbicka

ISBN-10: 9027230285

ISBN-13: 9789027230287

This set of papers represents a distinct assortment; it's the first try ever to empirically try out a hypothetical set of semantic and lexical universals throughout a few genetically and typologically various languages. actually the be aware 'collection' isn't really absolutely applicable to that end, because the papers document study undertaken in particular for the current quantity, and formed via an analogous instructions. They represent parallel and strictly similar solutions to a similar set of questions, coordinated attempt with a standard goal, and a typical methodology.The aim of making a choice on the common human options present in all languages, is of primary value, either from a theoretical and a realistic viewpoint, due to the fact those techniques give you the foundation of the “psychic team spirit of mankind”, underlying the essentially seen variety of human cultures. additionally they let us higher remember that range itself, simply because they supply a standard degree, with out which no designated and significant comparisons are attainable in any respect. a suite of really common (or even near-universal) ideas offers us with a useful software for examining, and explaining the entire culture-specific meanings encoded within the language-and-culture platforms of the realm. it may additionally offer us with a device for explaining meanings throughout cultures — in schooling, enterprise, alternate, diplomacy, and so on.
The publication comprises thirteen chapters on person languages together with jap (by Masayuki Onishi), chinese language (by Hilary Chappel), Thai (by Anthony Diller), Ewe (Africa, by means of Felix Ameka), Miskitu languages of South the United States (by Kenneth Hall), Australian Aboriginal languages Aranda, Yankunytjatjara and Kayardild (by Jean Harkins & David Wilkins, Cliff Goddard, and Nicholas Evans), the Austronesian languages Samoan, Longgu, Acehnese and Mangap-Mbula (by Ulrike Mosel, Deborah Hill, Mark Durie and Robert Bugenhagen), the Papuan language Kalam (by Andrew Pawley), and, final yet now not least French (by Bert Peters).In addition to the chapters on person languages the publication contains 3 theoretical chapters; “Semantic thought and semantic universals” (by Goddard), “Introducing lexical primitives” (by Goddard and Wierzbicka), and “Semantic primitives throughout languages: a serious evaluation” (by Wierzbicka).

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Co-Compounds and Natural Coordination (Oxford Studies in - download pdf or read online

By Bernhard Wälchli

ISBN-10: 0199276218

ISBN-13: 9780199276219

ISBN-10: 1423788699

ISBN-13: 9781423788690

This ebook offers a typological survey and research of the co-compound building. This understudied phenomenon is basically a compound whose that means is the results of coordinating the meanings of its elements, as whilst in a few kinds of English 'mother-father' denotes 'parents'. through the paintings Dr W?lchi examines and discusses themes of serious theoretical and linguistic curiosity. those contain the concept of be aware, markedness, the syntax and semantics of coordination, grammaticalization, lexical semantics, the excellence among compounding and word formation, and the constructional meanings languages can install. The booklet makes many observations and issues approximately typology and areal gains and encompasses a wealth of unexpected information. it is going to be priceless for typologists and of substantial curiosity to numerous experts together with lexicologists, morphologists, development grammarians, cognitive linguists, semanticists, box linguists, and syntacticians.

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Get Beyond Functional Sequence: The Cartography of Syntactic PDF

By Ur Shlonsky

ISBN-10: 0190210583

ISBN-13: 9780190210588

Cartography is a study software inside of syntactic idea that stories the syntactic constructions of a selected language so that it will higher comprehend the semantic matters at play in that language. The strategy arranges a language's morpho-syntactic beneficial properties in a inflexible common hierarchy, and its learn schedule is to explain this hierarchy -- that's, to attract maps of syntactic configurations. present paintings in cartography is either empirical -- extending the method of new languages and new constructions -- and theoretical. The sixteen articles during this assortment will strengthen either dimensions. They come up from displays made on the Syntactic Cartography: the place will we pass from the following? colloquium held on the collage of Geneva in June of 2012 and handle 3 questions on the middle of study in syntactic cartography: 1. the place do the contents of practical constitution come from? 2. What explains the actual order or hierarchy within which they seem? three. What are the computational regulations at the activation of useful different types? Grouped thematically into 4 sections, the articles deal with those questions via comparative experiences throughout a variety of languages, reminiscent of Italian, outdated Italian, Hungarian, English, Jamaican Creole, jap, and chinese language, between others.

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Download e-book for iPad: Event Structure and the Left Periphery: Studies on Hungarian by Katalin É. Kiss

By Katalin É. Kiss

ISBN-10: 1402047533

ISBN-13: 9781402047534

ISBN-10: 1402047541

ISBN-13: 9781402047541

ISBN-10: 140204755X

ISBN-13: 9781402047558

Katalin Kiss, of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences in Budapest, has introduced jointly during this quantity gigantic new ends up in a singular box of analysis. The textual content analyzes the syntactic and semantic effects of occasion constitution. The stories contained during this quantity attempt the speculation that occasion constitution correlates with a couple of issues, together with note order, the presence or absence of the verbal particle, and the [+/- particular] characteristic of the interior argument.

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Download e-book for iPad: Abstract Objects and the Semantics of Natural Language by Friederike Moltmann

By Friederike Moltmann

ISBN-10: 0199608741

ISBN-13: 9780199608744

Summary items were a principal subject in philosophy considering that antiquity. Philosophers have defended a number of perspectives approximately summary gadgets by way of beautiful to metaphysical concerns, issues relating to arithmetic or technology, and, no longer on occasion, intuitions approximately traditional language. This booklet pursues the query of ways and no matter if average language enables connection with summary items in an absolutely systematic manner. by means of making complete use of up to date linguistic semantics, it offers a far larger variety of linguistic generalizations than has formerly been considered in philosophical discussions, and it argues for an ontological photo is especially varied from that regularly taken without any consideration through philosophers and semanticists alike. connection with summary items reminiscent of homes, numbers, propositions, and levels is significantly extra marginal than mostly held. as a substitute, typical language is quite beneficiant in permitting connection with particularized houses (tropes), using nonreferential expressions in obvious referential place, and using "nominalizing expressions," akin to quantifiers like "something." connection with summary gadgets is completed regularly in basic terms via 'reifying terms', akin to "the quantity eight."

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Download e-book for iPad: Vague Language Explored by J. Cutting

By J. Cutting

ISBN-10: 0230627420

ISBN-13: 9780230627420

ISBN-10: 1349541974

ISBN-13: 9781349541973

Obscure language ('bags of time', 'doing stuff', 'and all that') is a side of communicative competence of substantial social value. This booklet examines its functionality. It spans style research, serious discourse research, psycholinguistics and cross-cultural sociolinguistics, and indicates purposes in TEFL and instructions for destiny examine.

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Language and History Integrationist Perspectives (Routledge by Nigel Love PDF

By Nigel Love

ISBN-10: 0203592581

ISBN-13: 9780203592588

ISBN-10: 0415317622

ISBN-13: 9780415317627

Whilst linguistics used to be first tested as an educational self-discipline within the 19th century, it was once envisaged as an basically ancient examine. Languages have been to be handled as historic gadgets, evolving via slow yet consistent tactics of switch over lengthy sessions of time. lately, although, there was a lot dialogue by means of historians of a 'linguistic flip' of their personal self-discipline, and, in linguistics, integrationist conception has fastened a thorough problem to the conventional idea of 'languages' as attainable items of inquiry. Language and background develops the integrationist critique of orthodox linguistics, whereas even as extending its implications to the sphere of historical past. by way of doing so, it throws gentle on what's now famous by means of many historians to be a 'crisis' of their personal self-discipline. Underlying the post-modernist skepticism approximately conventional sorts of historiography, the integrationist procedure finds a extra deep-seated challenge in regards to the interface among philosophy of historical past and philosophy of language. With chapters from more than a few best foreign individuals, Language and heritage represents an important contribution to the constructing paintings of the integrationists.

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Download e-book for iPad: Componential Analysis of Kinship Terminology: A by V. Pericliev

By V. Pericliev

ISBN-10: 1137031182

ISBN-13: 9781137031181

ISBN-10: 1349440760

ISBN-13: 9781349440764

This ebook offers the 1st machine application automating the duty of componential research of kinship vocabularies. The booklet examines this system when it comes to uncomplicated difficulties: the generally happening inconsistency of componential versions; and the massive variety of substitute componential versions.

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The Linguistics of Laughter: A corpus-assisted Study of - download pdf or read online

By Alan Partington

ISBN-10: 0203966570

ISBN-13: 9780203966570

ISBN-10: 0415381665

ISBN-13: 9780415381666

The Linguistics of Laughter examines what audio system try and in achieving via generating ‘laughter-talk’ (the speak previous and eliciting an episode of laughter) and, through the use of considerable examples from language corpora, what hearers are signalling once they produce laughter. specifically, Alan Partington makes a speciality of the tactical use of laughter-talk to accomplish particular rhetorical, and strategic, ends: for instance, to build an identification, to make an argumentative aspect, to threaten somebody else’s face or shop one's personal. even supposing laughter and humour are not at all constantly similar, the publication additionally considers the consequences those corpus-based observations could have approximately humour concept regularly. As one of many first works to have recourse to any such massive databank of examples of laughter in spontaneous working speak, this outstanding quantity is a vital element of reference and an thought for students with an curiosity in corpus linguistics, discourse, humour, wordplay, irony and laughter-talk as a social phenomenon.

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Download PDF by Kathryn Allan: Current Methods in Historical Semantics

By Kathryn Allan

ISBN-10: 3110252880

ISBN-13: 9783110252880

Cutting edge, data-driven tools supply extra rigorous and systematic facts for the outline and rationalization of diachronic semantic methods. the amount systematises, stories, and promotes a number empirical study suggestions and theoretical views that at present tell paintings around the self-discipline of old semantics. as well as emphasising using new know-how, the opportunity of present theoretical versions (e.g. inside variationist, sociolinguistic or cognitive frameworks) is explored alongside the way in which.

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