By Cliff Goddard, Anna Wierzbicka
This set of papers represents a distinct assortment; it's the first try ever to empirically try out a hypothetical set of semantic and lexical universals throughout a few genetically and typologically various languages. actually the be aware 'collection' isn't really absolutely applicable to that end, because the papers document study undertaken in particular for the current quantity, and formed via an analogous instructions. They represent parallel and strictly similar solutions to a similar set of questions, coordinated attempt with a standard goal, and a typical methodology.The aim of making a choice on the common human options present in all languages, is of primary value, either from a theoretical and a realistic viewpoint, due to the fact those techniques give you the foundation of the “psychic team spirit of mankind”, underlying the essentially seen variety of human cultures. additionally they let us higher remember that range itself, simply because they supply a standard degree, with out which no designated and significant comparisons are attainable in any respect. a suite of really common (or even near-universal) ideas offers us with a useful software for examining, and explaining the entire culture-specific meanings encoded within the language-and-culture platforms of the realm. it may additionally offer us with a device for explaining meanings throughout cultures — in schooling, enterprise, alternate, diplomacy, and so on.
The publication comprises thirteen chapters on person languages together with jap (by Masayuki Onishi), chinese language (by Hilary Chappel), Thai (by Anthony Diller), Ewe (Africa, by means of Felix Ameka), Miskitu languages of South the United States (by Kenneth Hall), Australian Aboriginal languages Aranda, Yankunytjatjara and Kayardild (by Jean Harkins & David Wilkins, Cliff Goddard, and Nicholas Evans), the Austronesian languages Samoan, Longgu, Acehnese and Mangap-Mbula (by Ulrike Mosel, Deborah Hill, Mark Durie and Robert Bugenhagen), the Papuan language Kalam (by Andrew Pawley), and, final yet now not least French (by Bert Peters).In addition to the chapters on person languages the publication contains 3 theoretical chapters; “Semantic thought and semantic universals” (by Goddard), “Introducing lexical primitives” (by Goddard and Wierzbicka), and “Semantic primitives throughout languages: a serious evaluation” (by Wierzbicka).